This chapter describes the Fluke 54200 TV Signal Generator
with all options built in.
Depending on the ordered instrument different features may
not be implemented.
This TV Signal Generator matches any dedicated set of
requirements, whether it is in R&D,
manufacturing, quality assurance, installation, service, and
The generator covers nearly all world-wide standards
including PAL, NTSC, and
SECAM with their subsystems as well as sound standards and
The Fluke 54200 with its menu-driven control makes it easy
for you to work with the
instrument and allows a large choice and configuration of
the provided test signals. The
instrument offers the complete RF range from 32 MHz to 900
MHz, so covering the IF-,
VHF I-, VHF III-, S-, Hyper- and UHF-Band.
The test patterns are selected using the PATTERN keypad or
additional soft keys. Some test
patterns are offered in different versions or for different
TV standards, for example, the Color
Bar, PLUGE, DEM (Demodulator) or VCR test. Some patterns are
offered with selectable
‘white’ or primary color signal levels. Up to fourfold test
pattern combinations are selectable.
All test patterns are offered in the 16:9 and 4:3 picture
Up to 99 complete instrument settings can be stored and
recalled for fast and convenient
setup. A step function allows to move swiftly through the
sequence of stored information.
Furthermore, you have the advantage to recall TV system
depending instrument settings for
20 different countries including sound systems, color
standard, residual carrier, group delay
correction, and Teletext.
An Insertion-Reference Signal (IRS) is generated for PAL 625
line systems in the fieldblanking
interval in the TV line 17. The IRS is according to CCIR
Rec. 473-5 and serves to
detect and correct distortion in TV signals.
The composite video signal of nominal 1 V (pp) at the VIDEO
OUTPUT can be set from 0 to
The level of the chrominance signal is selectable from 0% to
The maximum RF output signal of 10 mV or 100 mV can be
attenuated by more than 60 or
On the rear panel the instrument offers different video
outputs with RGB, YCrCb, and
For synchronization purpose, three outputs are available:
Composite, Line, and Field Sync.
The instrument offers the following sound systems:
• Mono sound
• Analog stereo sound
• NICAM sound
• BTSC/MTS sound
Mono sound is available for all TV subsystems. Different
internal audio frequencies are
Different analog Stereo sound systems are optional
available, for example, for the
countries Germany (FM BG), Korea (FM Mk), and Czech Republic
NICAM and BTSC sound are options. NICAM is a digital sound
system mainly used for
PAL B/G, PAL I, PAL D, and SECAM L. Three special test
signals are available to
check NICAM equipment.
The BTSC/MTS sound system is selectable for NTSC M and PAL
M. BTSC is mainly
used in the United States and Taiwan. Several specific test
signals are included.
External sound modulation is possible for all sound systems
except NICAM and BTSC
sound. For BTSC, an external MTS signal can be applied; so
the instrument operates as
The modulated sound carrier is available at the RF Output
and Sound IF Output. The
NICAM signal is applied to the NICAM Output and the BTSC
baseband spectrum to the
MTS Output at the rear.
Teletext and Wide Screen Signalling bits (WSS) are available
with both the PAL and
SECAM standard. The Teletext system is according to the WST
Teletext standard and
includes both TOP and FLOF or Antiope. Automatically
generated Wide Screen
Signalling bits in TV line 23 are bits to identify some
transmission information, for
example, Aspect Ratio or Subtitling. Additionally the WSS
bits are programmable.
Closed Captioning (CC) is a subtitling system which is
transmitted using either field of
line 21. In the Fluke 54200 Closed Caption and Text Service
(T1 to T4) are available for
the TV systems NTSC, PAL 625 and 525 line systems, and SECAM.
The VPS (Video Programming System) and PDC (Programme
systems are used to synchronize a VCR recording with the
actual broadcast transmission
(start and stop time). VPS is mainly used in Germany,
Austria, and Switzerland, whereas
PDC is used in many other European countries.
VPS uses TV line 16 of the PAL transmission standard. The
PDC data are transmitted
with the Teletext signal.
Remote control is done either using the IEEE-488 or RS-232C
Interface. The option
provides both methods, however, only one can be used at a time.